To best understand why the US and their allies are at war with Syria, I highly recommend you read some of Israel’s very prescient foreign policy papers regarding Syria and the region.
Basically, Israel and their allies are breaking up Israel’s enemy Arab neighbor states into weaker mini state-lets along sectarian ethnic/religious lines so they’ll fight among themselves and not Israel. It’s simple divide and conquer strategies paving the way for Israeli regional hegemony.
I’ve highlighted excerpts from two policy papers in particular, with links to the full papers.
Let’s start with excerpts from Oded Yinon’s “A Strategy for Israel in the Nineteen Eighties”, which was published in the 1982 winter issue of Kivunim, a “A Journal for Judaism and Zionism”. Oded was an Israeli journalist and was formerly attached to the Foreign Ministry of Israel.
“Lebanon’s total dissolution into five provinces serves as a precendent for the entire Arab world including Egypt, Syria, Iraq and the Arabian peninsula and is already following that track. The dissolution of Syria and Iraq later on into ethnically or religiously unqiue areas such as in Lebanon, is Israel’s primary target on the Eastern front in the long run, while the dissolution of the military power of those states serves as the primary short term target. Syria will fall apart, in accordance with its ethnic and religious structure, into several states such as in present day Lebanon, so that there will be a Shi’ite Alawi state along its coast, a Sunni state in the Aleppo area, another Sunni state in Damascus hostile to its northern neighbor, and the Druzes who will set up a state, maybe even in our Golan, and certainly in the Hauran and in northern Jordan. This state of affairs will be the guarantee for peace and security in the area in the long run, and that aim is already within our reach today.
Iraq, rich in oil on the one hand and internally torn on the other, is guaranteed as a candidate for Israel’s targets. Its dissolution is even more important for us than that of Syria. Iraq is stronger than Syria. In the short run it is Iraqi power which constitutes the greatest threat to Israel. An Iraqi-Iranian war will tear Iraq apart and cause its downfall at home even before it is able to organize a struggle on a wide front against us. Every kind of inter-Arab confrontation will assist us in the short run and will shorten the way to the more important aim of breaking up Iraq into denominations as in Syria and in Lebanon. In Iraq, a division into provinces along ethnic/religious lines as in Syria during Ottoman times is possible. So, three (or more) states will exist around the three major cities: Basra, Baghdad and Mosul, and Shi’ite areas in the south will separate from the Sunni and Kurdish north. It is possible that the present Iranian-Iraqi confrontation will deepen this polarization.”
You can read the full document here:
Here are excerpts from the “A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm” paper written by an Israeli think tank, The Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies’ (IASPS), in 1996. It seems to be a continuation of the Oded Yinon’s “A Strategy for Israel in the Nineteen Eighties” paper.
“Syria challenges Israel on Lebanese soil. An effective approach, and one with which American can sympathize, would be if Israel seized the strategic initiative along its northern borders by engaging Hizballah, Syria, and Iran, as the principal agents of aggression in Lebanon, including by:
- paralleling Syria’s behavior by establishing the precedent that Syrian territory is not immune to attacks emanating from Lebanon by Israeli proxy forces.
- striking Syrian military targets in Lebanon, and should that prove insufficient, striking at select targets in Syria proper.
Given the nature of the regime in Damascus, it is both natural and moral that Israel abandon the slogan “comprehensive peace” and move to contain Syria, drawing attention to its weapons of mass destruction program, and rejecting “land for peace” deals on the Golan Heights.
Israel can shape its strategic environment, in cooperation with Turkey and Jordan, by weakening, containing, and even rolling back Syria. This effort can focus on removing Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq — an important Israeli strategic objective in its own right — as a means of foiling Syria’s regional ambitions.
But Syria enters this conflict with potential weaknesses: Damascus is too preoccupied with dealing with the threatened new regional equation to permit distractions of the Lebanese flank. And Damascus fears that the ‘natural axis’ with Israel on one side, central Iraq and Turkey on the other, and Jordan, in the center would squeeze and detach Syria from the Saudi Peninsula. For Syria, this could be the prelude to a redrawing of the map of the Middle East which would threaten Syria’s territorial integrity.
Most important, it is understandable that Israel has an interest supporting diplomatically, militarily and operationally Turkey’s and Jordan’s actions against Syria, such as securing tribal alliances with Arab tribes that cross into Syrian territory and are hostile to the Syrian ruling elite.”
You can read the entire paper here:
Syria: What is really going on and why by Ryan Dawson
The US’s foreign policy was laid out by Benjamin Netanyahu prior to the second Iraq War.
Imagining a Remapped Middle East
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“Greater Israel”: The Zionist Plan for the Middle East | The Infamous “Oded Yinon Plan”. Introduction by Michel Chossudovsky
Clean Break to Dirty Wars | Shattering the Middle East for Israel’s Northern Front